Syndactyly is a congenital condition characterized by the fusion or webbing of two or more fingers or toes. This occurs during fetal development when the digits, which initially form separately, fail to separate completely. Syndactyly can vary in severity, and the fusion may involve skin, bones, or both.

Types of Syndactyly:

Syndactyly is classified into different types based on the extent of fusion and the involved structures:

  • Simple Syndactyly:

    Only soft tissues are involved in the fusion, and the individual digits remain separate at the bone level.

  • Complex Syndactyly:

    Besides skin fusion, there is also fusion of bones in the affected digits.

  • Syndactyly of Specific Fingers:

    Fusion involving particular fingers or toes.

Symptoms of Syndactyly:

Common symptoms of syndactyly include:

  • Fused or webbed appearance of fingers or toes.

  • Reduced range of motion in the affected digits.

  • Varied severity, ranging from partial to complete fusion.

  • No associated pain in most cases.

Causes of Syndactyly:

Syndactyly is primarily a result of genetic factors and may occur as an isolated condition or be associated with certain syndromes or chromosomal abnormalities.

Diagnosis of Syndactyly:

Diagnosing syndactyly involves a clinical evaluation, including:

  • Physical Examination:

    A detailed examination of the fused digits and assessment of the extent of fusion.

  • Imaging Studies:

    X-rays may be used to visualize the bones and confirm the degree of fusion.

Treatment Options for Syndactyly:

Management of syndactyly depends on the severity and extent of fusion. Treatment options may include:

  • Surgical Separation:

    Surgical procedures to separate the fused digits, involving skin grafts if necessary.

  • Postoperative Care:

    Rehabilitative measures, including physical therapy, to optimize function and prevent contractures.

Consultation for Syndactyly:

If you or your child is affected by syndactyly, our specialized team is ready to provide personalized care. Schedule a consultation to discuss tailored solutions that address the unique needs of syndactyly and explore appropriate management options.