Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) is a common condition that occurs when the median nerve, which runs from the forearm into the hand, becomes pressed or squeezed at the wrist. The carpal tunnel, a narrow passageway of ligament and bones at the base of the hand, houses the median nerve and tendons. Compression of the median nerve can lead to a range of symptoms affecting the hand and wrist.

Causes of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome:

The exact cause of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome may vary, but common factors include:

  • Repetitive hand and wrist movements.

  • Certain medical conditions, such as diabetes or rheumatoid arthritis.

  • Pregnancy-related hormonal changes.

Symptoms of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome:

Common signs and symptoms of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome include:

  • Numbness or tingling in the thumb, index, and middle fingers.

  • Weakness or difficulty gripping objects.

  • Burning sensation or pain in the hand and wrist.

Diagnosis of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome:

Diagnosing Carpal Tunnel Syndrome may involve:

  • Physical Examination:

    Assessing hand and wrist function, sensation, and signs of compression.

  • Nerve Conduction Studies:

    Measuring electrical nerve impulses to evaluate median nerve function.

  • Imaging Studies:

    X-rays or MRI to rule out other conditions and assess wrist structure.

Treatment Options for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome:

Management of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome may include:

  • Bracing or Splinting:

    Wearing a brace to keep the wrist in a neutral position and reduce pressure on the median nerve.

  • Anti-Inflammatory Medications:

    Managing pain and inflammation with medications prescribed by a healthcare professional.

  • Steroid Injections:

    Injecting corticosteroids to reduce inflammation and alleviate symptoms.

  • Physical Therapy:

    Exercises to improve wrist strength and flexibility.

  • Surgical Intervention:

    In cases of severe compression, a surgical procedure called carpal tunnel release may be recommended.

Prevention and Self-Care:

Preventing Carpal Tunnel Syndrome involves maintaining good wrist posture, taking breaks during repetitive activities, and incorporating hand and wrist exercises into daily routines.

Consultation for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome:

If you suspect Carpal Tunnel Syndrome or experience persistent symptoms, consult with a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and personalized treatment plan.