Brachydactyly is a congenital condition characterized by shortening of the fingers or toes. This condition can affect one or more digits and may vary in severity. Brachydactyly is often present at birth and can impact the overall function and appearance of the hands and feet.

Types of Brachydactyly:

There are different types of Brachydactyly, each classified based on the specific fingers or toes affected. Common types include:

  • Brachydactyly Type A:

    Shortening of the middle phalanx of the affected digit.

  • Brachydactyly Type B:

    Shortening of both the middle and distal phalanges, often giving a characteristic appearance.

  • Brachydactyly Type C:

    Shortening of the entire digit, affecting both the phalanges and metacarpals or metatarsals.

Causes of Brachydactyly:

Brachydactyly is primarily a genetic condition, and it can be inherited in an autosomal dominant or autosomal recessive manner. In some cases, it may occur sporadically without a family history of the condition. Genetic mutations affecting bone development during fetal growth are often associated with Brachydactyly.

Diagnosis of Brachydactyly:

Diagnosing Brachydactyly involves a clinical evaluation and may include:

  • Physical Examination:

    A thorough examination of the hands and feet to assess the size and proportion of the digits.

  • Imaging Studies:

    X-rays or other imaging techniques to visualize the bones and assess the degree of shortening.

Treatment Options for Brachydactyly:

While Brachydactyly itself may not always require treatment, options may include:

  • Orthopedic Interventions:

    Customized orthopedic solutions, including splints or braces, to support hand or foot function.

  • Surgical Correction:

    In severe cases, surgical procedures may be considered to lengthen or reposition the affected digits.

  • Rehabilitation:

    Rehabilitative therapies to enhance functionality and adaptation to any residual abnormalities.

Consultation for Brachydactyly:

If you or your child is affected by Brachydactyly, our specialized team is ready to provide personalized care. Schedule a consultation to discuss tailored solutions that address the unique needs of Brachydactyly and enhance overall hand or foot function.